The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has warned that continued violations of an internationally agreed-upon arms embargo threatens any progress made towards peacefully ending Libya’s civil conflict. Peace summits held in Moscow on January 12 and in Berlin on January 19 failed to fully end the war between the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) based in Tripoli and the eastern House of Representatives government in Tobruk.
Since April 2019, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar has led his Libyan National Army (LNA) in an effort to dislodge the GNA, making steady gains with the aid of military support from the United Arab Emirates and Egypt. Turkey recently began to send troops, advisors, and equipment to shore up the GNA’s defenses, a move that has threatened to escalate the Libyan conflict into a full-on proxy war.
UNSMIL did not specify which nations have violated the embargo, though most observers look to the Emirates and Turkey. Cargo planes have been spotted landing at Libyan airports in the western and eastern parts of the country since January 15.
The ceasefire faced its first real test of effectiveness on Saturday, January 25, when renewed clashes broke out in Tripoli’s southern suburbs. The attacks launched by the LNA followed a missile strike on Mitiga International Airportthat left two civilians injured.